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Efeitos dos exercícios aquáticos em pacientes com osteoartrite

Revisão sistemática com metanálise

Efeitos dos exercícios aquáticos em pacientes com osteoartrite: revisão sistemática com metanálise

Autores

  • Ji-Ah Song Department of Nursing, Konyang University, Korea
  • Jae Woo Department of Nursing, Konyang University, Korea

Palavras-chave:

Osteoartrite, Hidroterapia, Terapia Do Exercício, Revisão Sistemática, atividade aquática

Resumo

Esta revisão sistemática examinou artigos publicados em coreano, inglês e publicações mais recentes que não foram incluídas em estudos anteriores para avaliar o tamanho do efeito de intervenções baseadas em exercícios aquáticos na dor, na qualidade de vida e na disfunção articular entre pacientes com osteoartrite. Seis bases de dados nacionais e internacionais foram utilizadas para revisar a literatura (publicada até 7 de março de 2019) sobre ensaios clínicos randomizados de intervenções baseadas em exercícios aquáticos em pacientes com osteoartrite. Para os 20 estudos incluídos, uma meta-análise mostrou que o exercício aquático produz uma redução de 0,61 pontos (n = 756; diferença média (DM) = -0,61; intervalo de confiança (IC) de 95%: -0,90--0,32) na dor em comparação com um grupo de controle, e o exercício aquático foi eficaz na redução da dor (n = 315; DM = −0,28; IC 95%: −0,50–−0,05) em comparação com um grupo de exercício terrestre. Outra meta-análise mostrou que o exercício aquático produz uma melhoria de 0,77 pontos na qualidade de vida (n = 279; DM = −0,77; IC 95%: −1,38–−0,15) em comparação com um grupo de controle. Finalmente, uma meta-análise mostrou que o exercício aquático produz uma redução de 0,34 pontos na disfunção articular (n = 279; DM = −0,77; IC 95%: −1,38–−0,15) em comparação com um grupo de controle. Para pacientes com osteoartrite, as intervenções baseadas em exercícios aquáticos são eficazes para reduzir a dor e a disfunção articular e melhorar a qualidade de vida.

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Artigo adaptado e traduzido para o português pelos editores de NADAR! SWIMMING MAGAZINE para republicação, conforme normas de submissão do periódico. Versão original em: https://www.mdpi.com/2227-9032/10/3/560 LICENÇA ORIGINAL E DA ADAPTAÇÃO:© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

Publicado

2024-05-17

Como Citar

1.
Song J-A, Woo J. Efeitos dos exercícios aquáticos em pacientes com osteoartrite: Revisão sistemática com metanálise. Nadar! Swim Mag [Internet]. 17º de maio de 2024 [citado 21º de julho de 2024];4(167):e167-87. Disponível em: https://www.revistanadar.com.br/index.php/Swimming-Magazine/article/view/87

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