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Influências dos comportamentos psicomotores na aprendizagem de natação em crianças de 6 a 9 anos

Influências dos comportamentos psicomotores na aprendizagem de natação em crianças de 6 a 9 anos

Autores

  • Renato-Gabriel Petrea Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, Romania
  • Cristina-Elena Moraru Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, Romania
  • Ileana-Monica Popovici Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, Romania
  • Ilie-Cătălin Știrbu Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, Romania
  • Liliana-Elisabeta Radu Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, Romania
  • Marin Chirazi Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, Romania
  • Cristian-Mihail Rus Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, Romania
  • Alexandru Oprean Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, Romania
  • Oana Rusu Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, Romania

Palavras-chave:

Psicomotricidade, Crianças, Destreza Manual, Esquema Corporal, Equilíbrio Estático, Flutuabilidade, Natação Infantil, Aprendizagem

Resumo

O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar a existência de algumas relações entre determinados comportamentos psicomotores, que consideramos específicos da natação, e a aprendizagem da execução da técnica de alguns estilos de natação (nado crawl e costas). O estudo foi realizado durante 10 meses e incluiu 76 crianças (40 meninos e 36 meninas) com idades entre 6 e 9 anos que praticam natação recreativa numa cidade da Romênia. Foram utilizadas diversas ferramentas: o teste Tapping para destreza manual, o teste Goodenough para esquema corporal, o teste Flamingo para equilíbrio estático e o teste de flutuabilidade horizontal para equilíbrio corporal na água. Os resultados indicaram melhores classificações em todos os comportamentos psicomotores analisados ​​de acordo com o sexo (a favor das meninas em relação aos meninos). Os níveis de todos os comportamentos psicomotores analisados ​​têm relação direta com a idade dos sujeitos. Além disso, identificamos correlações positivas moderadas para destreza manual (rs = 0,63 no estilo crawl; rs = 0,57 no estilo costas) e correlações fortes para esquema corporal, equilíbrio estático e flutuabilidade, coordenação com a aprendizagem dos dois estilos de natação ( r ou rs entre 0,77 e 0,85). Concluindo, os comportamentos psicomotores podem ser preditores para a aprendizagem de estilos de natação.

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NOTA

Artigo adaptado e traduzido para o português pelos editores de NADAR! SWIMMING MAGAZINE para republicação, conforme normas de submissão do periódico. Versão original em: https://www.mdpi.com/2227-9067/10/8/1339 LICENÇA ORIGINAL E DA ADAPTAÇÃO: © 2023 by the authors. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Publicado

2024-03-28

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Petrea R-G, Moraru C-E, Popovici I-M, Știrbu I-C, Radu L-E, Chirazi M, Rus C-M, Oprean A, Rusu O. Influências dos comportamentos psicomotores na aprendizagem de natação em crianças de 6 a 9 anos. Nadar! Swim Mag [Internet]. 28º de março de 2024 [citado 21º de julho de 2024];4(167):e167-83. Disponível em: https://www.revistanadar.com.br/index.php/Swimming-Magazine/article/view/83

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