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Eficácia de Programa de Natação em Adolescentes com Síndrome de Down

 Imagem ilustrativa. Fonte: Image by pikisuperstar on Freepik -  Image by mrsiraphol on Freepik

Autores

  • Alicja Naczk Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Physical Culture, University School of Physical Education, Poland
  • Ewa Gajewska Department of Developmental Neurology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
  • Mariusz Naczk Institute of Health Sciences, Collegium Medicum, University of Zielona Gora, Poland

Palavras-chave:

programa de natação, capacidade aeróbica, força muscular, composição do corpo, Síndrome de Down

Resumo

O objetivo deste estudo foi estimar a influência de um programa de natação de 33 semanas na capacidade aeróbica, força muscular, equilíbrio, flexibilidade e composição corporal de adolescentes com síndrome de Down (SD). Vinte e dois adolescentes com diagnóstico de SD foram alocados aleatoriamente no grupo de treinamento (T) e no grupo de controle (C). O grupo T participou de 33 semanas de exercícios aquáticos e um programa de natação, enquanto o grupo de controle manteve suas atividades diárias normais. Após trinta e três semanas de programa de natação, a massa corporal, a gordura corporal e o IMC do grupo T diminuíram significativamente (de 56,8 ± 7,97 kg para 55,0 ± 7,11 kg, de 15,1 ± 4,47 kg para 13,2 ± 3,92 kg e de 25,1 ± 4,47 kg para 13,2 ± 3,92 kg). 2,37 para 24,0 ± 2,05, respectivamente), enquanto um aumento significativo foi registrado em C (de 57,3 ± 8,43 kg para 59,7 ± 8,29 kg, de 14,5 ± 2,76 kg para 16,0 ± 3,11 kg, e de 25,4 ± 2,46 para 26,0 ± 2,72, respectivamente ). Além disso, foi observada melhora significativa na capacidade aeróbica no grupo T; O VO2máx (mL/kg/min) aumentou 16,3% em T e diminuiu 4,8% em C. Observou-se melhora na força estática de braço, força de tronco e resistência/força funcional em T, enquanto os parâmetros não se alteraram em C. A velocidade do movimento do braço, o equilíbrio e a flexibilidade não mudaram após a intervenção. Além disso, as habilidades aquáticas melhoraram significativamente no grupo de treino. Mudanças em C não foram significativas. Os resultados do nosso estudo indicam que o programa de natação de 33 semanas melhorou significativamente o estado de saúde e as habilidades de natação em adolescentes com SD.

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Artigo adaptado e traduzido para o português pelos editores de NADAR! SWIMMING MAGAZINE para republicação, conforme normas de submissão do periódico. Versão original em: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/18/14/7441 LICENÇA ORIGINAL E DA ADAPTAÇÃO: © 2021 by the authors. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Imagem ilustrativa. Fonte: Image by pikisuperstar on Freepik - Image by mrsiraphol on Freepik

Publicado

2024-03-08

Como Citar

1.
Naczk A, Gajewska E, Naczk M. Eficácia de Programa de Natação em Adolescentes com Síndrome de Down. Nadar! Swim Mag [Internet]. 8º de março de 2024 [citado 21º de julho de 2024];4(167):e167-81. Disponível em: https://www.revistanadar.com.br/index.php/Swimming-Magazine/article/view/81

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