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Determinantes de Desempenho no Polo Aquático Juvenil

O Estudo INEX

Determinantes de Desempenho no Polo Aquático Juvenil: O Estudo INEX

Autores

  • Francisco Noronha Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Portugal/ Porto Biomechanics Laboratory
  • Sofia Canossa Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Portugal/ Porto Biomechanics Laboratory
  • João P Vilas-Boas Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Portugal/ Porto Biomechanics Laboratory
  • José Afonso Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Portugal
  • Flávio Castro Aquatic Sport Research Group, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
  • Ricardo J Fernandes Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Portugal/ Porto Biomechanics Laboratory

Palavras-chave:

polo aquático, antropometria, desempenho motor, desenvolvimento

Resumo

Devido ao crescente envolvimento dos jovens na prática do pólo aquático, pretendemos caracterizar os jogadores agrupados por idade em termos antropométricos, habilidades motoras gerais e específicas e domínios contextuais. Também examinamos as associações das habilidades específicas dos jogadores com suas características antropométricas e motoras gerais. Cento e um jogadores masculinos de pólo aquático, agrupados em coortes de 12, 13 e 14 anos, foram recrutados. ANOVA one-way explicou a variância idade-coorte, e uma regressão linear múltipla foi usada para avaliar a associação entre as variáveis. A variação nas coortes foi explicada pela envergadura (25%), estatura, largura e comprimento da mão (17%), massa magra (18%), sprint de 20 m (16%), abdominais (18%), arremesso de medicine ball (27%), desempenho anaeróbico (31%) e aeróbico (21%), mudança de direção (18%) e salto vertical na água (14%). A variação do salto vertical na água, sprint de 10 m, mudança de direção e aptidão aeróbica para as características antropométricas dos jogadores foram, 32, 25, 14 e 10% (respectivamente). A força explosiva dos membros superiores dos jogadores explicou 30, 22 e 17% da variância para salto vertical na água, sprint de 10 m e aptidão aeróbica, respectivamente. A massa corporal teve uma associação inversa e a envergadura teve uma associação direta com o salto vertical na água e a capacidade de velocidade de natação, a envergadura teve uma associação inversa e direta com a mudança de direção e aptidão aeróbica, respectivamente. A força explosiva dos membros superiores relacionou-se diretamente com o salto vertical na água e habilidades de condicionamento aeróbico, mas inversamente com pontuações de sprint de 10 m.

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OBS.:

Artigo adaptado e traduzido para o português pelos editores de NADAR! SWIMMING MAGAZINE para republicação, conforme normas de submissão do periódico. Versão original em: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/19/9/4938 LICENÇA ORIGINAL E DA ADAPTAÇÃO: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Publicado

2023-08-25

Como Citar

1.
Noronha F, Canossa S, Vilas-Boas JP, Afonso J, Castro F, Fernandes RJ. Determinantes de Desempenho no Polo Aquático Juvenil: O Estudo INEX. Nadar! Swim Mag [Internet]. 25º de agosto de 2023 [citado 21º de julho de 2024];3(166). Disponível em: https://www.revistanadar.com.br/index.php/Swimming-Magazine/article/view/65

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