Treinamento de   força em natação

Treinamento de força em natação

Autores

  • Klaus Wirth Faculty of Training and Sports Sciences, University of Applied Sciences
  • Michael Keiner Department of Sport Science, University of Health and Sports
  • Stefan Fuhrmann Olympic Training and Testing Centre Hamburg
  • Alfred Nimmerichter Faculty of Training and Sports Sciences, University of Applied Sciences
  • G. Gregory Haff School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University

Palavras-chave:

Treino De Resistência, Saídas, Viradas, Prevenção A Lesões, Nadadores De Elite, força, potência, musculação

Resumo

Esta revisão narrativa aborda o tema do treinamento de força na natação, assunto controverso há décadas. Não se trata apenas da importância para o desempenho na largada, virada e velocidade de nado, mas também sobre a questão de como elaborar um programa de treinamento de força. Diferentes abordagens são discutidas na literatura, com dois aspectos em primeiro plano. Por um lado, está a discussão sobre a intensidade ideal no treinamento de força e, por outro lado, está a questão de como o treinamento de força específico deve ser planejado. Além de um resumo do estado atual da pesquisa sobre a importância do treinamento de força para a natação, o artigo mostra quais adaptações fisiológicas devem ser alcançadas para poder aumentar o desempenho a longo prazo. Além disso, tenta-se explicar porque alguns conteúdos de treinamento parecem bastante inadequados quando se trata de aumentar a força como base para um maior desempenho na saída, virada e nado em si. Conseqüências práticas de treinamento são então derivadas disso. Independente do desenvolvimento do desempenho do atleta, aspectos preventivos também devem ser considerados na discussão. O artigo fornece uma visão crítica das questões-chave acima mencionadas. Os pontos mais importantes na elaboração de um programa de treinamento de força para natação são uma intensidade de carga suficientemente alta para aumentar a força máxima, que por sua vez é a base da potência, treinamento de força durante todo o ano, paralelamente ao treinamento de natação e trabalho na transferência de habilidades de força adquiridas, no treinamento de natação, e não através de exercícios de treinamento de força supostamente específicos em terra ou na água.

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Artigo adaptado e traduzido para o português pelos editores de NADAR! SWIMMING MAGAZINE para republicação, conforme normas de submissão do periódico. Versão original em: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/19/9/5369 LICENÇA ORIGINAL E DA ADAPTAÇÃO: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Publicado

2023-07-15

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1.
Wirth K, Keiner M, Fuhrmann S, Nimmerichter A, Haff GG. Treinamento de força em natação. Nadar! Swim Mag [Internet]. 15º de julho de 2023 [citado 23º de fevereiro de 2024];3(166). Disponível em: https://www.revistanadar.com.br/index.php/Swimming-Magazine/article/view/59

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