Estudo piloto não randomizado sobre os benefícios da natação para o desenvolvimento motor de bebês

Estudo piloto não randomizado sobre os benefícios da natação para o desenvolvimento motor de bebês

Autores

  • Irene Leo Department of Development and Socialization Psychology, University of Padua, Italy
  • Silvia Leone Department of Development and Socialization Psychology, University of Padua, Italy
  • Raffaele Dicataldo Department of Development and Socialization Psychology, University of Padua, Italy
  • Chiara Vivenzio Department of Development and Socialization Psychology, University of Padua, Italy
  • Nada Cavallin Mamiù, Association for Baby-Swimming Activities, Padua, Italy
  • Chiara Taglioni Mamiù, Association for Baby-Swimming Activities, Padua, Italy
  • Maja Roch Department of Development and Socialization Psychology, University of Padua, Italy

Palavras-chave:

Cognição Incorporada, Desenvolvimento Motor, Natação Para Bebês

Resumo

De acordo com o conceito de “cognição incorporada”, o desenvolvimento motor não deve ser considerado distante dos processos cognitivos e de linguagem. O desenvolvimento motor é essencial nos primeiros 1000 dias de vida, pois a criança explora e aprende novas informações do ambiente. Entre as atividades motoras, a natação para bebês permite que os bebês façam movimentos que não são capazes de realizar em solo firme. Como os movimentos se tornam mais lentos na água, a percepção sensorial desses movimentos é amplificada. No entanto, a relação entre a experiência precoce de natação e o desenvolvimento motor ainda não foi investigada. Portanto, realizamos um estudo piloto com o objetivo de explorar essa relação pela primeira vez. Para tanto, foram recrutados 32 lactentes com idades entre 6 e 10 meses. A Peabody Developmental Motor Scale-2 foi utilizada para avaliar habilidades motoras em crianças saudáveis que praticaram regularmente cursos de atividades aquáticas em comparação com crianças que nunca praticaram natação. Os testes t de amostras independentes mostraram diferenças significativas a favor do grupo que realizou atividades de natação infantil nas medidas de reflexos (t = -2,2, p < 0,05), preensão (t = -3,8, p < 0,001), quociente motor fino (t = -3,4, p < 0,01) e quociente motor total (t = -2,4, p < 0,05). No geral, de acordo com a perspectiva da cognição incorporada, esses resultados preliminares são encorajadores e nos permitem investigar como o desenvolvimento motor influencia o desenvolvimento posterior da linguagem.

 

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OBS.:

Artigo adaptado e traduzido para o português pelos editores de NADAR! SWIMMING MAGAZINE para republicação, conforme normas de submissão do periódico. Versão original em: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/19/15/9262 LICENÇA ORIGINAL E DA ADAPTAÇÃO: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/Original Publisher’s, Note: MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Publicado

2023-04-10

Como Citar

1.
Leo I, Leone S, Dicataldo R, Vivenzio C, Cavallin N, Taglioni C, Roch M. Estudo piloto não randomizado sobre os benefícios da natação para o desenvolvimento motor de bebês. Nadar! Swim Mag [Internet]. 10º de abril de 2023 [citado 25º de fevereiro de 2024];3(166). Disponível em: https://www.revistanadar.com.br/index.php/Swimming-Magazine/article/view/51

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