As provas de medley individual (IM) compreendem todos os quatro nados na seguinte ordem: borboleta, costas, peito e livre.

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Periodização e programação para nadadores de 400 medley

Autores

  • Francisco Hermosilla Sport Training Lab, University of Castilla-La Mancha / Facultad de Ciencias de la Vida y la Naturaleza, Universidad Nebrija
  • José González-Rave Sport Training Lab, University of Castilla-La Mancha
  • José Antonio Del Castillo Catalonian Swimming Federation and High Performance Center
  • David B. Pyne Research Institute for Sport and Exercise, Faculty of Health, University of Canberra

Palavras-chave:

natação, nado medley, temporada, periodização

Resumo

O conhecimento no domínio científico do treinamento individual de natação medley (IM) durante uma temporada competitiva é limitado. O objetivo deste estudo foi propor uma estrutura de treinamento detalhada incorporando os elementos-chave de um regime de treinamento periodizado para um nadador de 400 m IM. Esta estrutura foi baseada no treinamento disponível e na literatura científica e na experiência prática e conhecimento dos autores colaboradores. A temporada foi dividida em dois ou três macrociclos, subdivididos em três mesociclos cada (seis ou nove mesociclos no total), em alinhamento com as duas ou três principais competições em cada macrociclo. Os principais conteúdos de treinamento a serem desenvolvidos durante a temporada expressos em zonas de lactato sanguíneo são: treinamento aeróbico (~2 mmol•L-1), ritmo de limiar de lactato (~4 mmol•L-1) e VO2max (captação máxima de oxigênio) (~6 mmol•L-1). O treinamento de força deve se concentrar na resistência máxima de força, potência e velocidade durante a temporada. Os camps de treinamento em altitude podem ser colocados estrategicamente durante a temporada de treinamento para promover a adaptação fisiológica e melhorias no desempenho. Uma estrutura técnica bem construída permitirá o desenvolvimento de estratégias de treinamento para o nadador de 400 m IM para melhorar tanto o treinamento quanto o desempenho competitivo.

 

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OBS.:

Artigo adaptado e traduzido para o português pelos editores de NADAR! SWIMMING MAGAZINE para republicação, conforme normas de submissão do periódico. Versão original em: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8296310/ LICENÇA ORIGINAL E DA ADAPTAÇÃO: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Publicado

2023-01-30

Como Citar

1.
Hermosilla F, González-Rave J, Del Castillo JA, B. Pyne D. Periodização e programação para nadadores de 400 medley. Nadar! Swim Mag [Internet]. 30º de janeiro de 2023 [citado 23º de fevereiro de 2024];3(166). Disponível em: https://www.revistanadar.com.br/index.php/Swimming-Magazine/article/view/44

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